Healthy eating and physical activity promote healthy liver, says specialist

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“Vaccination against hepatitis B and C viruses helps fight this problem”

The liver, the largest organ in the body, performs various functions such as digestion, glucose and fat metabolism, detoxification, and protein synthesis. The liver is affected by various diseases such as fatty liver disease, hepatitis, cirrhosis and cancer. The main causes of liver damage are excessive alcohol consumption, hepatitis virus infections, fatty liver disease, diabetes mellitus, obesity, and medication.

After years of continuous alcohol consumption, liver disease goes through phases of fatty liver disease, hepatitis, and eventually irreversible cirrhosis. People suffer from jaundice, abdominal swelling, and other distressing symptoms.

Diabetes mellitus, obesity, physical inactivity and bad eating habits modify the internal metabolism, thus promoting insulin resistance and thus causing fatty liver disease. Strict sugar control, weight reduction, healthy eating habits, avoidance of simple carbohydrates and junk food, and regular physical activity help fight fatty liver disease, says Chalapathi Rao Achanta, consultant medical gastroenterologist, KIMS ICON Hospital, in a statement on the eve of World Liver Day. .

Infections from the hepatitis virus cause problems like jaundice, fatigue, fever, faintness, and weight loss. With the exception of those caused by type B and C viruses, other infections (i.e. hepatitis A and E) are self-limiting. Hepatitis B and C viruses affect around 325 million people worldwide. They frequently cause chronic liver damage and, if not recognized and treated, can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer in some cases. Vaccination against hepatitis B and C viruses is helping to fight this global problem. Cancers, whether primary or secondary, are recognized as deadly diseases with poor results. Obtaining a tissue sample by biopsy would confirm the diagnosis and appropriate treatment should be followed as directed by the specialist, added Dr Chalapathi Rao.


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