Microwave ablation performed to treat liver cancer


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The Apollo Specialty Hospital in Madurai performed a microwave tumor removal on Tuesday to treat a 61-year-old patient with liver cancer in Theni.

Doctors said the liver cancer was detected at an early stage.

The treatment, microwave ablation of the tumor, uses microwave energy (the same energy used in microwave ovens) to destroy the cancer. It was delivered by a needle inserted into the tumor. The total duration of treatment was 30 minutes and the patient was discharged in two days.

The procedure was performed by a team of doctors including liver transplant surgeon Madhusudhanan, interventional radiologist John Robert, medical gastroenterologists Rajesh Prabhu and Praveen Kumar.

According to a statement released by Apollo Hospital, liver cancer remains a global health challenge. The incidence of liver cancer is increasing worldwide. It is estimated that by 2025, more than one million people will be affected by liver cancer each year and that 1 to 5% of patients with cirrhosis will develop liver cancer each year. Hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus cause most liver cancer worldwide.

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis associated with metabolic syndrome or diabetes mellitus is emerging as the fastest growing cause of liver cancer.

Routine monitoring of patients with cirrhosis using X-ray imaging and blood tests can identify liver cancer at an early stage.

If liver cancer is identified early and treated, there is potential for a cure. While if identified at a later stage, the patient will succumb to cancer within a year, according to the statement released by the hospital.

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