The “Korean Mediterranean Diet” Reduces Cardiovascular Risks: Severance Pay
Gangnam Severance Hospital said a new calorie-restricted Korean-style Mediterranean diet (KMD) developed by its researchers has helped reduce cardiovascular risk by improving chronic inflammation, insulin resistance and fatty liver disease. .
The research team, led by Professor Lee Ji-won of the Department of Family Medicine, revamped the existing Mediterranean diet to make it more suitable for Korean patients.
KMD provides approximately 300 calories less and contains carbohydrate, fat and protein in a 5: 3: 2 ratio, reducing carbohydrates and increasing fat and protein compared to the original Mediterranean diet. In addition, the researchers took into account the general diet of Koreans and included an appropriate ratio of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.
The Mediterranean diet includes healthy, unsaturated, and dietary acidic fibers in olive oil and nuts, fish, fruits, vegetables, and whole grains evenly while minimizing the consumption of red meat and added sugar.
In the study, the research team divided 92 people with symptoms of high cholesterol into two groups. He then provided the KMD and the existing Mediterranean diet for 10 weeks to see how the two different diets improve symptoms.
The research team served the targeted group with KMD twice a day for four weeks, followed by a two-week break, and provided a normal diet for the next four weeks. However, the controlled group followed a regular diet for the first four weeks and started taking KMD after a two week break.
The researchers found that the participants lost 1.76 kilograms on average with a reduction of 1.73 centimeters in their waistlines.
All indicators affecting dyslipidemia, including cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and hepatic steatosis index, were also significantly reduced in the study.
The Korean-style diet lowered most health index levels, including white blood cell count, fasting blood sugar, fasting insulin level, and insulin resistance index.
“KMD helps control dyslipidemia by lowering cholesterol levels in hypercholesterolemic patients and preventing cardiovascular disease by reducing inflammation and insulin resistance in the body and improving fatty liver disease,” said the Professor Lee.
The results of the study were published in Nutrients, an international academic journal, titled “Effects of a Calorie-Restricted Mediterranean-Style Diet on Plasma Lipids in South Korean Hypercholesterolemic Patients”.